Puerto Rico was a Spanish colony up until the Spanish-American War in 1898, when it was ceded to the United States.
The island has been an unincorporated organized territory with commonwealth constitution since 1952, when the United States gave Puerto Ricans more political autonomy.
Notably, Puerto Rican citizens are also United States citizens because of a law passed before World War I that would require them to be in the draft.
Now, the Puerto Ricans will once again go the polls to vote on statehood, and here are the facts of this situation:
Past Votes on Statehood have all resulted in a “no,” except the most recent.
There have been four separate votes in the past; the last of which being in November of 2012. In this vote, 54.44% of those who voted wanted to change its current political status of a Commonwealth. And 61.11% of those people voted to become a state. So, in December of 2012, the legilative assembly of Puerto Rico requested the President and Congress to act quickly and begin the process of statehood. Then, in 2014 legislation was introduced in United States Congress to make it a state, but that failed early in the committee stage.
The Governor of Puerto Rico supports Statehood.
Ricky Rosselló, Governor of Puerto Rico, has been a leader in the statehood movement since 2010 when he founded the political advocacy group Boricua ¡Ahora Es!. This is a group that is attempting to bring Puerto Rico into statehood. Currently, he is the leader of the New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico that ran on making the island a state. He and his wife have given dozens of speeches in recent months advocating for the statehood of Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico is currently in a major Financial Crisis.
The Governor of Puerto Rico wants to become a state, probably because the unincorporated island territory has $120 billion in debt and the unemployment is now at a staggering 12.5% compared to 4.7% in the mainland U.S. When the Great Recession of 2008 hit the United States, it his Puerto Rico as well. While the U.S. is recovering, Puerto Rico is not. Earlier this year, Puerto Rico became the first U.S. state of territory to file for bankruptcy. Many of the financial aspects of the island were taken over last year by a fiscal control board created by the U.S. Congress. It was recommended that there should be major cuts to education and public services on the island, which caused riots and protests. So, there would be largely negative economic impacts for the United States as a whole if Puerto Rico became a state.
The U.S. Congress might not even recognize the Vote.
As previously mentioned, Puerto Rico voted for statehood in 2014, but Congress failed to pass any legislation. The goal for Puerto Rico is to have such a resounding vote that Congress cannot ignore the 3.4 million citizens of the island. In addition, the negative economic impacts of adding Puerto Rico as a state would surely get in the way of Donald Trump’s agenda of “Making America Great Again”.
Politically, It would be bad For Republicans to make Puerto Rico a State.
If Puerto Rico becomes a state, it would vote Democrat in every election. For the last 30 years, the island has been dominated by liberal parties that are now defined by the desire for statehood. Of the last 12 governors of Puerto Rico, 9 have been considered Democrats. The last Republican governor was Luis Fortuño from 2009 to 2013. During this time, Puerto Rico had its deficit cut by nearly 80% and experienced the only period of economic growth in recent history. Oddly, since that time Puerto Ricans have wanted nothing but Democratic governors who haven’t improved the economy at all.